- As a man I have normal sexual performance?
How can I be responsible for infertility?
The sexual act and fertility are not directly related to each other.
One could be impotent yet fertile. At the same time, a sexually potent
man might not be fertile. Fact: In 50% of childless marriages, the male
factor has been found to be the major cause of the couple's inability
- Does varicocele always cause male infertility?
Usually varicocele is asymptomatic. It is usually detected when the
patient is evaluating for possibility of male factor in an infertile
marriage. The presence of abnormal semen parameters ( Oligo-astheno-terato-zoospermia
) and / or diminished testicular size points to varicocele as a cause
- Does subclinical varicocele cause male
Yes. Subclinical varicocele with abnormal semen analysis, usually contributes
to male infertility. Varicocele causes progressive testicular damage
over time. Surgical correction not only halts the damage, but can also
- Does surgery cause pain or morbidity?
There is a transient dull pull sensation when the spermatic cord is
handled during surgery. It is mild and bearable. However, anxious patients
may opt for General Anaesthesia where no unpleasant sensations will
- How quickly can I return to work after surgery?
You can return home immediately after surgery. Routine travel can also
be undertaken immediately. Routine office activity can be resumed after
- Are there any precautions during the post-operative
The patient has to take oral medications as prescribed. He should not
wet the dressing, which will be removed after 72 hours. Long distance
travelling may be undertaken after 7 to 10 days. Exercise and strenuous
physical activity is recommended only after 4 weeks.
- How much time does surgery take?
15 to 20 minutes
- How many stitches will be taken? When will
they be removed?
Absorbable stitches are put in below the skin (subcuticular) in a continuous
manner. They need not be removed, but get absorbed in the body.
- How soon can I have sexual intercourse after
After 15 to 20 days.
- How long after surgery does it take for sperm
count to improve?
Sperms live in your body 78 days from the beginning of their development
until they are ejaculated. It therefore takes a minimum of four months
after surgery, to see significant improvement in semen analysis. Improvement
can be seen for up to two years.
- Is any medical therapy required after varicocele
Surgery halts the damage to the spermatogenesis process caused by varicocele.
Nature tries to correct and improve upon the existing damage. Some drugs
may be prescribed for 6 months to one year to augment the recovery of
- My doctor says that results of varicocele
surgery are poor and I should opt for a test tube baby. What should
Before the technique of cremasteric disruption as advocated by Dr. Parag
Shah was used, the results of varicocele surgery were poor with the
associated morbidity of surgery. However the technique of cremasteric
disruption with venous ligation has high success rates and almost nil
A 'cost per delivery' analysis in the USA revealed that varicocelectomy
is three times more effective than Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection
(ICSI). The European experience estimated it to be seven times more
cost effective. In India varicocelectomy may be ten to twenty times
more cost-effective than ICSI.
Besides infertile men can expand their reproductive option after surgery
and no further treatment is required for subsequent pregnancy.
Assisted Reproductive Treatment (ART) does not permit natural selection
of genetic material. There are stray reports of increased congenital
abnormalities in babies born by ART. Besides long term effects of ART
are still unknown.
In conclusion, our results are our best advocates for suggesting the
further course of treatment.
- What is the usual investigation for male infertility?
Semen Analysis is the usual investigation for infertility.
- What is the usual examination for infertility?
Taking down the pants of the male partner and clinical examination of
the male genitalia (and not necessarily laparoscopy of the female partner).
- What life-style changes could improve sperm
i) Quit smoking. Smoking causes 23% decrease in sperm density and 13%
decrease in sperm motility. It also increases abnormal sperms.
ii) Reduce alcohol.
iii) Excessive exercise / gymnasium / long distance running and cycling
reduces sperm quality and should be avoided.
iv) Avoid high temperature saunas, hot tubs, hot baths, multi-layer
underwear, tight underwear.
v) Avoid hot spicy food.
vi) Avoid constipation: Straining at stools. Avoid refined food. Increase
dietary fiber, raw salads, fruit and whole grain.
- Will surgery affect sexual performance ?
- What are the complications of surgery?
We have performed over 500 surgeries. Transient discomfort was reported
by 6% patients. Hydrocele was recorded in just one patient.
- Will my insurance company pay for my surgery?
Your insurance company will usually pay if the indication for surgery
was pain. It might not pay for infertility treatment.
- What are the costs involved ?
Being an ambulatory technique, our technique is cheaper than most other
modalities of treatment for varicocele